JEE-Main is a competitive exam, conducted across all over India, by the CBSE, for the eligible students seeking admission in the undergraduate engineering courses in NITs, IIITs, and other colleges that accept these scores. The candidates qualifying the examination are allotted seats by sitting for a counselling conducted by the Joint Seat Allocation Authority (JoSSA).It is coordinated by the Central Seat Allocation Board (CSAB) as per the government policy of seat reservation and the respective ranks. JEE Main Reservation Criteria helps candidates to know their eligibility and benefits they can avail by belonging to reserved category.
The seats are reserved in the participating institutions by considering several factors such as the caste, gender, and quota. The advantages of the reservation will be provided only to those categories that are available in the central list of the central government of India. However, the state engineering colleges and other private institutions offering admission via JEE Main score are allowed to follow the reservation guidelines of that particular state.
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It is hence essential for the aspirants to have a clear idea about the reservations, how will it affect the chances of your admission, and the benefits you can avail out of that. Continue reading the article below to know about the same.
JEE Main Reservation Criteria- What Should You Know?
Amidst all the confusion about the JEE Main Exam itself, the candidates are unaware of the major terms used in reservation of seats. The reservation of seats in the colleges is done based on two major criteria namely the quota and the category. Do you know the difference between both?
Well, the major criteria that determines reservation of seats is the category. The reservation based on category means that a specific percentage of seats is allotted to the candidates belonging to certain caste or community. The percentage remains the same in all the institutions of the country.
Then, the second major criteria used is the Quota. The reservation based on the quota means that a specified amount of seats will be allotted to those that come under the quota irrespective of the category. There are a number of quotas based on the gender, locality, etc. Unlike the category reservation, the percentage for the quota varies according to the state or institutions.
Hence, a qualified candidate will have a score card with four ranks namely: All India Rank (AIR), All India Rank of his/her category, State Rank, and State Rank of his/her community. All the other reservations are made based on the above said major criteria. Let us look at each one of them in detail.
Reservation Of Seats Based On Category
As mentioned already, reservation of seats based on category basically depends upon one’s caste/ community. In India, the category based reservation is broadly classified into 4 major categories namely: General, Other Backward classes (OBC) of Non-creamy layer (NCL), Scheduled Castes (SC), and Scheduled Tribes (ST); each of which consist of 1 sub category called the Person With Disability (PWD) hence making a total of eight categories.
The percentage of reservation for the above said is listed below and the remaining seats fall under the general category:
Reservation of Seats Based On Quota
The reservation of seats based on quota depends upon the quota provided by the respective state and the institute offering admission, which has been chosen by the student at the time of counselling. A candidate opting for Quota based reservation will fall under any of the three quotas below
Based On Gender
With an aim of educating a number of girl children, the quota for women was introduced initially. Most of the institutes offer this quota and a women candidate seeking admission can apply under all India quota and also gender quota. In general 5% of reservation is kept hold for women candidates and in addition to that, if the women candidate is a PWD, she gets an additional 3% reservation of seats.
Based On The State Of Residence
This particular quota is based on the hometown of the applicant. The quota is subdivided into two categories namely: home state quota, i.e., the state in which the candidate has passed the board examinations, and the other state quota, i.e., all the other states or union territories except the home state of the university or institution the candidate has applied for. The percentage of reservation is as given below:
|Home state quota||50%|
|Other state quota||50%|
However, NIT Goa, NIT Warangal, and Assam University follow different methods of reservation as listed in the table below
|Name Of Institute||Quota||Candidates Eligible|
|Assam University, Silchar||Home state||Candidates passed in the Assam board exam|
|All India||All Including Assam students|
|NIT WARANGAL||Home State||Candidates passed in the Telangana board exam|
|Andhra Pradesh||Candidates passed in the Andhra Pradesh board|
|Other State||All including Andhra Pradesh|
|NIT Goa||Home State||40% for candidates passed in Goa board|
|Other State||All other state candidates|
For States/Union Territories without NIT
In line with the previous quota, the candidates belonging to Union territories that does not have NIT are given home state quota eligibility for an individual NIT irrespective of the location.
The table below illustrates the NIT belonging to the particular union territory:
|Name of the Union Territory||Corresponding NIT|
|Andaman and Nicobar Island||NIT Puducherry|
|Dadar and Nagar Haveli||NIT Goa|
|Daman and Diu||NIT Goa|
Defense Service Quota
The Defense service Quota even though not offered in all institutes, but is a classification of quota available for the children of the Defense service personnel, who lost his life or had permanent disability during a war or other operation. In general no more than two seats are allotted under this quota.
Foreign Nationals Quota
All the quotas mentioned above belong to the citizens of India and hence, the foreign nationals quota is prevalent in most of the reputed institutions or universities. The foreign nationals get a 10% reservation on seats available and cannot claim for any other quota even if he/she falls in any one of the same.
What is the procedure to claim the quota?
If you consider yourself to be eligible in any one of the quotas, it is mandatory that you mention the same at the initial stages of application when filling the form. Further, you should be ready to produce a valid proof/certification from the authorized authorities mentioned in the website stating your eligibility to apply for a particular quota. And, the candidates claiming for the PWD quota will be accepted only if he/she is certified with up to 40% of disability and are capable of pursuing the activities related to the academics.
Hope the information provided in the article was able to clear all your confusions regarding reservation of seats. Feel free to write to us in case of further queries.