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JEE Main is the country’s largest engineering entrance exam. It is conducted by CBSE in the 1st week of April. It is the only portal for aspirants to get into the reputed IITs, NITs and a number of good government colleges. Every year more than 10 lakh students apply for the exam out of which only 2.2 lakh move forward to JEE Advanced.
It is common knowledge that not many of you are big fans of Chemistry. But this should not stop you from getting a decent score. Chemistry is one of those subjects which can be studied selectively and yet you can aim for a 100% result. This is mainly because most of the concepts revolve around bond formation/ breaking and the periodic table. If your fundamentals in these topics are rock solid then preparing for JEE Main becomes easy.
The syllabus for JEE Main Chemistry is set from class 11 and 12 curriculum of CBSE. Applicants have to answer 30 Chemistry questions in JEE Main Paper 1. The complete syllabus for this subject along with important books has been mentioned in this article.
JEE Main is held in the 1st week of April in both online and offline mode. It consists of 2 papers. Engineering aspirants should appear for Paper 1 while Paper 2 is for B Arch/ B Planning students. The exam paper will be available in English and Hindi language. It is also available in regional languages for some states. The duration of both papers is 3 hours.
Paper 1 is divided into 3 sections- Physics, Chemistry and Mathematics. Each section consists of 30 objective questions. +4 marks are awarded for correct answers while 1 mark is deducted for incorrect responses.
Chemistry is divided into 3 parts- Physical, Organic and Inorganic. A greater number of questions are asked from Physical and Inorganic Chemistry. Applicants should follow the right syllabus and study all the 3 components thoroughly.
JEE Main Chemistry Syllabus
Chemistry is regarded as the most scoring subject amongst the three. A good score in this section will enable you to clear the cut off comfortably. Aspirants often neglect this subject because of the numerous formulae and reaction. It is however the least time consuming section with a high level of accuracy.
Class 11 and 12 CBSE syllabus forms the basis of questions in JEE Main. Candidates should study from the NCERT textbooks to clear all the basic concepts. The chapter wise syllabus for Chemistry is given below:
|Names of Chapters|
|General Organic Chemistry||Surface chemistry|
|Alcohol Phenol Ether||Atomic Structure|
|Redox reactions||Gaseous State|
|Chemical Bonding||Transition Elements|
|P-block elements||Nuclear Chemistry|
|S-block elements||Chemical Kinetics|
|Aldehyde & Ketones||Mole Concepts|
|Solutions||Amines and Diazonium Salts|
|Chemical Thermodynamics||Alkanes, Alkenes &Alkynes|
|Chemical and Ionic Equilibrium||Electrochemistry|
|Purification and Characterization of Organic Compounds||Principles related to Practical Chemistry|
Chemistry is the most scoring section in JEE Main as questions asked are straight forward and direct. The difficulty level is low compared to Physics and Mathematics. It requires the least amount of time and time saved in this section can be utilized in the other two. It is independent from the other 2 subjects (except for Atomic Structure and Nuclear Chemistry) unlike Physics and Mathematics which are quite co-dependent.
Following are some preparation tips for Chemistry that can go a long way in improving your JEE Main score:
Physical Chemistry- This is the easiest part among the 3. Read NCERT textbook thoroughly. You should first go through the theory of all chapters and then start attempting questions. The questions asked often involve direct application of formulae. You can think of which formulae to use only if your basic concepts are clear.
Learn all the tables and important points given in these chapters. Memorize all the formulae of Chemical Bonding, Equilibrium, Kinetics, and Radioactivity. Keep an analytical and stoichiometric approach while attempting the questions.
Inorganic Chemistry- The NCERT textbook alone will suffice for questions on these chapters. Familiarize yourself with each and every line of the textbook for Inorganic chemistry. Questions are picked up from the textbook without any twists. Make use of charts and mind maps for qualitative analysis. Give extra attention to the chapters d & f block and Co-ordination compounds.
Organic Chemistry- The key here lies in mastering the General Organic Chemistry (G.O.C) part. You should understand the logic behind various mechanisms. If you are thorough with the mechanisms, reactions are a piece of cake. Learn common names of substances and also do not neglect the last few chapters (Biomolecules, Polymers and Chemistry in Everyday life). Use good reference books like OP Tandon and Morrison & Boyd.
Aspirants must refer to certain books to up their game and have an edge over the other. They must choose these reference books wisely and use them only after studying from NCERT books.
Pick a few books and master them (remember less is more). Some good reference books for JEE Main Chemistry are:
|Section||Name of book||Author’s/ Publisher’s name|
|Physical Chemistry||Wiley’s Physical Chemistry for JEE (Main & Advanced)||Wiley|
|Modern Approach to Chemical Calculations||R C Mukherjee|
|University Chemistry||Bruce M Mahan and Rollie J. Meyers|
|Inorganic Chemistry||Concise Inorganic Chemistry||J D Lee|
|Textbook of Inorganic Chemistry for Competitions (JEE Main & Advanced )||O P Tandon|
|Organic Chemistry||Organic Chemistry||Morrison & Boyd|
|Organic Chemistry||O P Tandon|
|A Guidebook to Mechanism in Organic Chemistry||Peter Sykes|
JEE Main Chemistry can help students in outdoing each other and increase their chances of getting into their dream college. It is essential that they follow the right syllabus. Topics related to Practical Chemistry are not given in the NCERT books but form a part of the syllabus.
Aspirants should prepare well for the section. Do not utilize more than 45 minutes for this section. Try to make intelligent guesses by eliminating the least probable answers. Solve mock tests and previous years’ papers frequently.