JEE Main 2018 Syllabus for Physics, Chemistry and Mathematics

JEE Main 2018 Syllabus

JEE Main 2018 Syllabus is derived 45% from class 11 syllabus and 55 % from class 12 syllabus as prescribed by the NCERT. All the basic concepts and formulas are written in the simple and clear language in the NCERT books prescribed by CBSE. JEE Main 2018 Syllabus is divided into 3 sections JEE Main Physics, JEE Main Chemistry and JEE Main Mathematics syllabus. The syllabus changes according to that prescribed by CBSE board.

The best way to clear and complete the JEE Main 2018 syllabus is by consistent practice. Slow and consistent practice brings accuracy and leads to time-saving.

JEE Main 2018 Syllabus : Physics

There will be two sections in JEE Main physics exam.

Section 1 is designed from the theoretical concept and section B is designed from the practical activity manual. Candidates must be familiar with the numeric theoretical observation and practical based observations. The implementation of the activity based numerical has made the section though.

Section A: JEE main 2018 syllabus from class 11 and class 12

  1. Physics and Measurement
  2. Kinematics
  3. Laws of Motion
  4. Work, Energy, and Power
  5. Rotational Motion
  6. Gravitation
  7. Properties of Solids and Liquids
  8. Thermodynamics
  9. Kinetic Theory of Gases
  10. Oscillations and Waves
  11. Electrostatics
  12. Current Electricity
  13. Magnetic Effects of Current and Magnetism
  14. Electromagnetic Induction and Alternating Currents
  15. Electromagnetic Waves
  16. Optics
  17. Dual Nature of Matter and Radiation
  18. Atoms and Nuclei
  19. Electronic Devices
  20. Communication Systems

Section B: Practical based learning

  1. Experimental Skills

The syllabus involves testing the activity based knowledge. Candidate just needs to revise all the activities they have done in class 11 and class 12. It is all designed on the basis of the class 12 syllabus. Activity based question can come from Young’s modulus, heat capacity, the viscosity of liquids, etc.

JEE Main 2018 Syllabus-Chemistry

Chemistry section can bring goose bumps on your skin as the syllabus is vast, like an unending ocean. But in IIT you cannot miss a topic from the syllabus defined below, as everything becomes important. The difficulty level appears from moderate to tough depending upon the kind of questions. The practical questions designed from activity based modules are difficult. The syllabus is divided into following sections:

Section A: Physical Chemistry

  1. Some Basic Concepts in Chemistry
  2. States of Matter
  3. Atomic Structure
  4. Atomic Structure
  5. Chemical Bonding and Molecular Structure
  6. Chemical Thermodynamics
  7. Solutions & Equilibrium
  8. Redox Reactions and Electro-chemistry
  9. Chemical Kinetics
  10. Surface Chemistry

Section B: Inorganic chemistry

  1. Classification of Elements and Periodicity in Properties
  2. General Principles and Process of Isolation of Metals
  3. Hydrogen
  4. s – Block Elements (Alkali and Alkaline Earth Metals)
  5. p – Block Elements
  6. d – and f – Block Elements
  7. Co-ordination Compounds
  8. Environmental Chemistry

Section C: Organic Chemistry

  1. Some Basic Principles of Organic Chemistry
  2. Hydrocarbons
  3. Organic Compounds Containing Halogens
  4. Compounds(Organic) Containing Oxygen
  5. Carbon Compounds Containing Nitrogen
  6. Polymers
  7. Bio Molecules
  8. Chemistry in Everyday Life
  9. Principles Related to Practical Chemistry

JEE Main 2018 Syllabus-Mathematics

JEE Mathematics syllabus is same as the class 11 and class 12 . The difficulty level of the exam loops in because of the tricky questions that involve the implementation of concepts from various chapters. The syllabus is as follows:

  1. Sets, Relations and Functions
  2. Complex Numbers and Quadratic Equations
  3. Matrices and Determinants
  4. Permutations and Combinations
  5. Mathematical Induction
  6. Binomial Theorem
  7. Sequences and Series
  8. Limit, Continuity, and Differentiation
  9. Integral Calculus
  10. Differential Equations
  11. Coordinate Geometry
  12. Three Dimensional Geometry
  13. Vector Algebra
  14. Statistics and Probability
  15. Trigonometry
  16. Mathematical Reasoning

Important topics

The list of important topics in the domain of physics, chemistry, and mathematics with percentage weightage is as follows:

Nature of Question

Unit name

Percentage weightage

Expected number of questions

Basic concepts Units and Dimensions  2 1
Measurement of Errors 2


Not defined
 Fundamentals Kinematics 1 1-2
Newton’s Laws of Motion 4



Important & easy Work, Energy and Power 5 Not sure about number of questions but it is easy to attempt these questions
Electrostatics 6
Current Electricity 7
Wave Optics 5
Ray Optics 6
absolutely important Centre of Mass, Momentum and Collision 5 2 – 3 questions
Rotational Dynamics 4
Simple Harmonic Motion 5
Fluid Mechanics 2-5
Wave Motion and String Waves 5
Magnetism 6
Heat & Thermodynamics 5
Nuclear Physic 5
Modern Physics 5
study at least once(create cheat-sheets or flashcards to help your revise the formulas) Circular Motion 1 3-4 questions with mix and match of formulae from these headings
Gravitation 1
Properties of Matter, Elasticity 2
Sound Waves
Electromagnetic Induction 3
Alternating Current Variable
Heat Transfer Variable


Thermal Expansion Variable
Semiconductors and Electronic Devices 5
Communication Systems 2

On average questions asked from the various important topics in Physics are:

Chapter name

Average number of questions

Current Electricity 8
Electrostatics 4
Optics 3
Heat and Thermodynamics 2
Law of Motion 2

Important topics in Mathematics:

Nature of Question

Unit name

Percentage weightage

Expected number of questions

Fundamentals Inverse Trigonometric Functions 2 1-2
Circles and Family of Circles 6
Sequence and Series 5
 Important & easy Applications of Derivative 4 3-4
Limit and Continuity 3
Matrices and Determinants 4
Straight Lines and Pair of Straight Lines 2
absolutely important 3-D Geometry 5 2-3
Probability and Statistics 7
Vector Algebra 5
Integration 8
Complex Numbers 5
Parabola 3
Trigonometric Ratios 3
study atleast once(make Cheat-sheets or flash cards) Logarithms 1 3-4
Quadratic Equations
Theory of Equations 5
Sets, Relations and Functions 4
Differentiation 2
Permutation and Combination 2
Binomial Theorem 1
Hyperbola 2
Ellipse 2
Fundamentals of Mathematics variable
Solution of Triangle 1

Average number of questions asked from important topics in the previous years:

Topic name

Number of questions

Coordinate Geometry 7
Continuity/ Differentiability, Limits 3
Complex No., Quadratic Equation 3
Integral Calculus 3
Sequence and Series 2
Trigonometry 2

Important topics for Chemistry in JEE Main Syllabus

Most important questions: These are forming the base of most of the questions, so they are the highlights of the syllabus.

  • Chemical Bonding & the periodic table
  • Carbonyl Compounds & their derivatives
  • Redox reactions, Mole Concept & the concept of equivalents
  • Solid state, solutions & gases theory
  • Thermochemistry & the Second Law of Thermodynamics

List of important topics in chemistry with their weightage:

Nature of Question

Unit name


Fundamental Concepts IUPAC Nomenclature Variable
Chemical Bonding Variable
Periodic Table 5%
Important (high score areas) Mole Concept 2
Co-ordination Chemistry  5
Alcohol, Phenols and Ethers  7
p-Block elements 5
Important (high weightage) Atomic Structure 5
Gaseous State 3
Hydrocarbons 2
Aldehydes and Ketones 5
d & f Block Elements 5
General Organic Chemistry 7
Other topics (less important) Chemical Equilibrium 3
Ionic Equilibrium 3
Thermodynamics 5
Hydrogen and its Compounds
s-Block Elements 5
Isomerism of Organic Compounds Variable
Environmental Chemistry Variable
Solid State Variable
Chemical Kinetics Variable
Electrochemistry 2
Solutions Variable
Qualitative Salt Analysis Variable
Alkyl Halides and Aryl Halides Variable
Carboxylic Acids and their derivatives Variable
Amines 2
Biomolecules  1
Polymers Variable

Average number of questions asked from the important topics:

Transition Element and Coordination Chemistry 3
Periodic Table and Representative Elements 3
Gaseous State 2
Atomic structure 2
Amines 2
Solution and Colligative Properties 2
General Organic Chemistry 2
Carboxylic Acids and Derivatives 1
Hydrocarbons 1
Carbohydrate, Amino Acids and Polymer 1

Books to prepare for IIT JEE main exam: NCERT books of class 11 and class 12 are the best to start with the preparation. The in-depth study of the concepts is done from the book and to learn formulae.  The reference books best to study the syllabus are as follow:


Book name- author


ISBN code

Physics Concepts Of Physics 1 –HC Verma Bharati Bhawan (P & D 8177091875
Concepts Of Physics 2-HC Verma Bharati Bhawan (P & D) 8177092324
Physics, Chemistry, Mathematics Challenger Physics, Chemistry & Mathematics for JEE Main & Advanced (11th edition)- Er. Deepak Agarwal, Dr. J. B. Yadav, Er. Anoop Srivastava Disha Publication 9789385576492
Physics Understanding Physics Optics & Modern Physics for IIT JEE 1st Edition  (English, Paperback- Dc Pandey) Arihant  9788188222131
Chemistry A Textbook Of Organic Chemistry For Jee Main & Advanced 8 Edition  (English, Paperback, Dr. R K Gupta) Arihant 9789352031184
Chemistry Wiley’s J.D. Lee Concise Inorganic Chemistry for JEE (Main & Advanced), 2017ed 1 Edition  (English, Paperback, Sudarsan Guha Wiley India Pvt Ltd 9788126548750
Chemistry modern approach to chemical calculations  (English, Paperback, R. C. Mukherjee) BHARATI BHAWAN PUB.& DIS. 9788177096415
Mathematics Objective Mathematics (Two Vol Set) 4/e PB  (Sharma R D) DHANPAT RAI PUBLICATIONS 9789383182169

Preparation tips

JEE Main preparation Tips

Well the best way to prepare for the JEE Main exam is consistent practice. The performance can be enhanced by dedicating more hours to self-study. Some handy tips are:

  1. Make a time- table for self-study
  2. Start preparing immediately after class 10 boards is over.
  3. Start working within the time frame.
  4. Take help from the seniors in problem solving.
  5. Make notes of all the important topics, especially which appear lengthy.
  6. Take breaks to keep yourself fresh.
  7. Analyse your strengths.
  8. Subscribe to a newsletter to get all updates about the paper trends.

Never get disheartened during practice time. Keep coming back for the practice.