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On February 10, 2017, the central cabinet gave a nod for conducting a Single Admission Test. Admissions in B.Tech and B.Arch courses from 2018 will be done through this test. This decision has made the admission process for B.Tech & B.Arch courses similar to medical admissions through NEET (National Eligibility cum Entrance Test).
Union Ministry Human resource development has asked the All India Council for Technical Education (AICTE) to issue a regulation for giving effect to the proposal from the academic year 2018-19.
As per government officials, the aim of the government is to make the admission process:
- more transparent
- free of corruption
The move aims at curbing the practice of exorbitant fee charged by private institutions. The idea is a brainchild of Union HRD minister P. Javadekar.
In the past admissions into engineering and architecture were done through JEE Main exam conducted by CBSE. But JEE Advanced exam was conducted for admissions into IITs.
In India where there are more than 3,300 approved engineering colleges with an annual intake of around 1.6 million students. Filling the capacity is a difficult task so this step was necessary.
The system of examination put forward by the government would help in rationalizing the number of intakes in engineering colleges.
Admission to IITs/NITS (B.tech and B.Arch) will continue through JEE exam
The government clarified that this new scheme of one single exam would not include admissions to IITs. Admissions into IITs would continue through the process of Joint Entrance Exam (JEE).
In the light of this scheme, tests would be conducted multiple times in a year (similar to the college admission tests like SAT in the United States) and ultimately will bring uniformity in academic standards, therefore, curbing the menace of capitation fee.
Union Ministry invites states to put forward their suggestions
The Union ministry of HRD has invited suggestions and views from the state governments so, as to make necessary changes (if any) to the structure of examination to make it easily adaptable for states.
The suggestions from state government would not only help in making the modifications in the scheme (if required) well in advance before the actual rollout of the scheme next year.
This would prevent a situation similar to that at the time of rolling out of NEET exam (under Supreme Court’s direction) where candidates were confused about the process of exam even 24 hours prior to its commencement.
At present most of the states conduct their own engineering exam or induct candidates based on their class XII marks. Engineering colleges in 5 out of 29 states take admissions on the basis of JEE (Main) score.
Tamil Nadu has a maximum number of engineering colleges (527) followed by Maharashtra (372) and Andhra Pradesh (328).
On the whole, the central government has asked the state governments to request as many institutions as possible to come under the process of the joint-allocation system for more efficient seat allotment process.